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Publications


2017

372. Kim YJ, Reynaud A, Hess RF, Mullen KT.  (2017) A Normative Data Set for the Clinical Assessment of Achromatic and Chromatic Contrast Sensitivity Using a qCSF Approach. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. Jul 1;58(9):3628-3636. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-21645

371. Schmidtmann G, Ruiz T, Reynaud A, Spiegel DP, Laguë-Beauvais M, Hess RF, Farivar R.  (2017) Sensitivity to Binocular Disparity is Reduced by Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. May 1;58(5):2630-2635. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-21845.

370. Feng L, Lin H, Chen Y, Wang J, Wang Y, Liao R, Zhou J and Hess RF,  (2017) The effect of Lasik surgery on myopic anisometropes' sensory eye dominance, Scientific Reports, ,7:3629.

369. Zhou J, Reynaud A and Hess RF, The effect of aerobic exercise on ocular dominance plasticity in human adults, Neural Plasticity,: 4780876

368. Zhou, J. Reynaud, A. Jin Kim, J. Mullen, K. T. and Hess, R. F. Effect of chromaticity on short-term ocular dominance plasticity in the human adult. Proc Biol Soc (in review)

367. Connell C. J. W, Thompson B., Turuwhenua J, Hess R. F., Gant N.. Caffeine increases the velocity of rapid eye movements in unfatigued humans Psycho-Pharmacology Volume 234, Issue 15, pp 2311–2323

366. Chadnova, Eva; Reynaud, Alexandre; Clavagnier, Simon; Baker, Daniel; Baillet, Sylvain; Hess, Robert. Interocular interaction of contrast and luminance signals in human cortex. Human Brain Mapping (submitted)

365. Reynaud, A and Hess Robert F. Characterization of spatial frequency channels underlying disparity sensitivity by factor analysis of population data. Front Comput Neurosci Jul 11;11:63. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2017.00063. eCollection 2017.

364. Reynaud, A and Hess, Robert F Interocular contrast difference drives illusory 3D percept. Scientific Reports Jul 17;7(1):5587. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06151-w

363. Cadet, M, Superstein, R, Koenekoop, R, Hess R. F.Mouloua, T. A. Different age of onset of strabismus and visual function in genetically identical twins. Canadian J Ophthalmology (submitted)

362. Chadnova, E. Reynaud, A. Clavagnier, S. Hess, R. F. Latent binocular function in amblyopia. Vision Research (in press)

361. Chadnova, E. Reynaud, A. Clavagnier, S. and Hess, R. F. Short-term monocular occlusion produces changes in ocular dominance by a reciprocal modulation of interocular inhibition. Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 41747.

360. Spiegel, D, Baldwin, A and Hess, Robert F Ocular dominance plasticity; inhibitory interactions and contrast equivalence. Scientific Reports 2017 Jan 10;7:39913.

359. Maehara,G. Georgeson, M and Hess, RF Direction discrimination thresholds in binocular, monocular, and dichoptic viewing: motion opponency and contrast gain control J Vis. 2017 Jan 1;17(1):7. doi: 10.1167/17.1.7.


2016

358. Zhou J & Hess RF,(2016) Neutral-Density Filters Are Not a Patch on Occlusion, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 57:4450-4451

357. Guo, C. X. Babu, R. J. Black, J. M. Bobier, W. R. Lam, C. S. Y. Dai, S. Gao, T. Y. Hess, R. F. Jenkins, M. Jiang, Y. Kowal, L. Parag, V. South, J. Staffieri, S. E. Walker, N. Wadham A. Thompson , B.(2016) Binocular treatment of amblyopia using videogames (BRAVO): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials (in press)

356. Spiegel, D. P. Baldwin, A. S. & Hess, R. F. (2016). The relationship between fusion, suppression and diplopia in normal and amblyopic vision. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Oct 1;57(13):5810-5817. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20438.

355. Reynaud, A. and Hess, R. F. (2016) Is suppression just normal dichoptic masking?: suprathreshold considerations. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 57: 5107-5115

354. Zhou J, Feng L, Lin H and Hess RF, “On the maintenance of normal ocular dominance and a possible mechanism underlying refractive adaptation”, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science Vol.57: 5181-5185

353. Spiegel, D.; Reynaud, A.; Ruiz, T.; Laguë-Beauvais, M; Hess, R. F.; Farivar, R.(2016) First- and second-order contrast sensitivity functions reveal disrupted visual processing following mild traumatic brain injury. Vision Research 122: 43–50

352. Chang, D. H., Mullen, K. T. and Hess, R. F. (2016) Color responses and their adaptation in human superior colliculus and lateral geniculate nucleus. NeuroImage 138: 211–220

351. Zhou J, Liu R, Feng L, Zhou Y and Hess RF, " (2016) Deficient binocular combination of second-order stimuli in amblyopia", Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 57:1635–1642.

350. Hess RF, Ding R, Clavagnier S, Liu C, Guo C, Viner C, Barrett BT, Radia K and Zhou J, (2016)"A Robust and Reliable Test to Measure Stereopsis in the Clinic", Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 57(3): 798-804.

349. Ren, Z. Zhou, J. Yao, Z. Wang, Z. Yuan, N. Xu, G. Wang, X. Zhang, B. Hess, R. F. and Yifeng Zhou. (2016) Neuronal basis of perceptual learning in striate cortex. Scientific Reports 6: 24769.

348. Baldwin, A. S. Schmidtmann, G.  Kingdom, F. A.A. & Hess, R. F. (2016). Rejecting probability summation for radial frequency patterns, not so Quick! Vision Research. 122, May 2016, Pages 124–134.

347. Alex S. Baldwin, Daniel H. Baker & Robert F. Hess (2016). What do contrast threshold equivalent noise experiments actually measure? Noise vs. nonlinearity in different masking paradigms. PLoS One, 11(3):e0150942, pp. 1-26.


2015

346. Clavagnier, S. Dumoulin, S. O. and Hess, R F (2015) is the cortical deficit in Amblyopia  due to a reduced cortical magnification, Loss of neural resolution, or neural disorganization? J Neurosci. Nov 4;35(44):14740-55.

345. Mullen, K. T., Chang, D. H., Hess, R. F. (2015) The selectivity of responses to red-green colour and achromatic contrast in the human visual cortex: an fMRI adaptation study. Eur J Neurosci. Dec;42(11):2923-33.

344. Hess, R. F., To, L., Zhou, J., Wang, G. and Cooperstock, J. (2015). Stereo Vision: the haves and havenots. i-Perception. 6(3): 1-5.

343. Zhou, J., Baker, D.H., Simard, M., Saint-Amour, D. and Hess, R.F. (2015). Short-term monocular patching boosts the patched eye’s response in visual cortex. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience. 33: 381-387.

342. Hess, R.F. and Thompson, B. (2015). Amblyopia and the binocular approach to its therapy. Vision Research. 114:4-16..

341. Feng, L., Zhou, J., Chen, L. and Hess, R.F. (2015). Sensory eye balance in surgically corrected intermittent exotropes with normal stereopsis. Scientific Reports, 5:13075, 1-8.

340. Reynaud, A., Gao, Y. and Hess, R.F. (2015). A normative dataset on human global stereopsis using the quick Disparity Sensitivity Function (qDSF). Vision Research, 113(Pt A):97-103.

339. Baldwin, A.S., Husk, J.S., Edwards, L. and Hess, R.F. (2015). The efficiency of second order orientation coherence detection. Vision Research, 2015 Mar 4;109(Pt A):45-51. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.01.026.

338. Li, J., Spiegel D.P., Hess, R.F., Chen, Z.D., Chan, L, Deng, D.M., Yu, M. and Thompson, B. (2015). Dichoptic training improves contrast sensitivity in adults with amblyopia. Vision Research, 2015 114:161-172.

337. Baker, D. H., Simard, M., Saint-Amour, D. and Hess, R.F. (2015). Steady-state contrast response functions provide a sensitive and objective index of amblyopic deficits. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 56(2):1208-1216.

336. Gao Y., Reynaud A., Tang Y., Feng L., Zhou Y., and Hess RF. The amblyopic deficit for 2nd order processing: Generality and Laterality. Vision Research, 114:111-121.


2014

335. Hansen, B. C., May, K. A. and Hess, R. F. One “Shape” Fits All: The Orientation Bandwidth of Contour Integration. Journal of Vision, 14(13): 17, 1–21

334. Chen Z., Li J., Thompson B., Deng D., Yuan J., Chan L., Hess RF. and Yu M. The effect of Bangerter filters on binocular function in observers with amblyopia. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 56(1): 139-149. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15224.

333. Zhou J., Georgeson M., and Hess RF (2014). Linear binocular combination of responses to second-order stimuli: data and model. Journal of Vision, 14(13): 24, 1–19.

332. Reynaud, A., Tang, Y., Zhou, Y.and Hess, R. F. A normative framework for the study of second-order sensitivity in vision JoV 14(9):3, 1–16

331. Hess RF., Thompson B., and Baker DH. Binocular vision in amblyopia: structure, suppression and plasticity. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 34 (2), 146-162.

330. Raveendran RN., Babu RJ., Hess RF., and Bobier WR (2014). Transient improvements in fixational stability in strabismic amblyopes‬ following bifoveal fixation and reduced interocular suppression. phthalmic and Physiological Optics, 34 (2), 214-225.

329. Baldwin AS., Husk JS., Meese TS., and Hess RF (2014). A two-stage model of orientation integration for Battenberg-modulated micropatterns. Journal of Vision, 14(1): 30, 1–21.

328. Witz N., Zhou J., and Hess RF (2014). Similar mechanisms underlie the detection of horizontal and vertical disparity corrugations. PLOS ONE, 9(1): e84846

327. Zhou J., Liu R., Zhou Y., and Hess RF (2014). Binocular combination of second-order stimuli. PLOS ONE, 9(1): e84632.

326. Zhou, J, Reynaud, A and Hess, R F Real-time modulation of perceptual eye dominance in humans. Proc Roy Soc B 281(1795). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1717.

325. Zhou, J, McNeal, S, Babu, R. J., Baker, D, Bobier, W, and Hess, R. F. Time course of dichoptic masking in normals and suppression in amblyopes. IOVS Apr 17;55(7):4098-104. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-13969.

324. Hess, R. F., Babu, R. J., Clavagnier, S., Black, J., Bobier, W., and Thompson, B. The IPOD Binocular Home-Based Treatment for Amblyopia in Adults: Efficacy and Compliance Clin. And Exp. Optom. 97 (5), 389-398

323. Dumoulin, S., Hess, R. F., May, K., Harvey, B., Rokers, B., and Barendregt, M. Contour extracting networks in early extra-striate cortex JoV May 30;14(5):18. doi: 10.1167/14.5.18


2013

322. Brown B., Feigl B., Gole GA., Mullen K., and Hess RF (2013). Assessment of neuroretinal function in a group of functional amblyopes with documented LGN deficits. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 33(2): 138-149.

321. Spiegel DP., Li J., Hess RF., Byblow WD., Deng D., Yu M., and Thompson B (2013). Transcranial direct current stimulation enhances recovery of stereopsis in adults with amblyopia. Neurotherapeutics, 10(4): 831-839

320. Spiegel, D.P., Byblow, W.D., Hess, R. F. & Thompson, B.(2013) Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Transiently Improves Contrast Sensitivity and Normalizes Visual Cortex Activation in Individuals With Amblyopia. Neurorehabilitation & Neural Repair. 2013 Oct;27(8):760-9.

319. Zhou, J., Thompson, B. and Hess, R. F. (2013). A new form of rapid binocular plasticity in adult with amblyopia. Scientific Reports 2013;3:2638.

318. Reynaud, A., Zhou, J., and Hess, R. F.,(2013). Stereopsis and mean luminance, Journal of Vision. 13(11) 1-11.

317. Zhou, J., S. Clavagnier and R. F. Hess. Short-term monocular deprivation strengthens the patched eye's contribution to binocular combination. Journal of Vision. 13(5), 12, 11-10.

316. Zhou, J., Jia, W., Huang, C-B. & Hess, R. F. The effect of unilateral mean luminance on binocular combination in normal and amblyopic vision. Scientific Reports. 3, 1-7

315. Witz, N. and Hess, R. F. Mechanisms underlying global stereopsis in fovea and periphery. Vision Research, 87, 10-21.

314. Husk, J. S., & Hess, R. F. Global processing of orientation in amblyopia. Vision Research, 82, 22-30.

313. Clavagnier, S., Thompson, B. and Hess, R. F. Long lasting effects of daily theta burst rTMS sessions in the human amblyopic cortex. Brain Stimulation. 2013 Nov;6(6):860-7. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2013.04.002

312. Li, J., Hess, R. F., Chan, L. Y. L., Deng, D., Yang, X., Chen, X., Yu, M., and Thompson, B. Quantitative measurement of interocular suppression in anisometropic amblyopia: a case-control study. J. Ophthalmology, 120(8), 1672-1680.

311. Li. J., Thompson, B., Deng, D., Chan, L. Y. L., Yu, M., & Hess, R. F. Dichoptic training enables the adult amblyopic brain to learn. Current Biology, 23(8), 308-309, 2013.

310. Zhou, J., Huang, P-C, Hess, R. F. Interocular suppression in amblyopia for global orientation processing. Journal of Vision, 13(5):19, 1-14, 2013.

309. Babu, R. J., Clavagnier, S. R., Bobier, W., Thompson, B. & Hess, R. F. The regional extent of suppression: strabismics vs non-strabismics. IOVS. Oct 9;54(10):6585-93. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-11314.

308. Hess, R. F. and Thompson, B. New insights into amblyopia: binocular therapy and non-invasive brain stimulation. JAAPOS. 2013 Feb;17(1):89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2012.10.018.

307. Li, J., Chan, L., Thompson, B., Yu, M. and Hess, R. F. How best to assess suppression in patients with high anisometropia. Optometry and Vision Science Optom Vis. Sci., 90(2), 47-52, 2013.


2012

306. Li, J., Thompson, B., Ding, Z., Chen, L. Y., Chen, X., Deng, G. and Hess, R. F. Does partial occlusion promote normal binocular function? Invest. Ophth. & Vis. Sci, 53(11), 618-627, 2012.

305. Huang, P-C, Baker, D. H. & Hess, R. F. Interocular suppression in normal and amblyopic vision: spatio-temporal properties. Journal of Vision, 12(11), 2012. pii: 29. doi: 10.1167/12.11.29

304. Huang, P-C, Li, J., Deng, D., Yu, M., Hess R. F. Temporal synchrony deficits in amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. & Vis. Science, Nov 8 2012. pii: iovs.12-10835v1. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-10835

303. Reynaud, A. and Hess, R. F. The properties of spatial channels underlying the detection of orientation modulations. Exp. Brain Res., 220(2):135-45, Epub May 24 2012.

302. Black, J. M., Hess, R. F., Cooperstock, J. R., To, L. & Thompson, B. The measurement and treatment of suppression in amblyopia. J. Vis. Exp., 70, e3927, doi:10.3791/3927, 2012.

301. Aaen-Stockdale, C., Ledgeway, T, McGraw, P and Hess, R. F. Integration of first and second order pathways at, above and beyond MT/MST. Vision Research, 8, 28-39.

300. Huang, P-C, Husk, J. and Hess, R. F. Orientation coherence sensitivity. Journal of Vision, 12(6):18, Jun 12 2012. doi: 10.1167/12.6.18.

299. Villeneuve, M. Y., Thompson, B., Hess, R. F. and Casanova, C. Pattern-motion selective responses in MT, MST and the pulvinar of humans. Eur. J. Neuroscience, Jul 3 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08205.x. (Epub ahead of print)

298. Zhou, J., Zhang, Y., Dai, Y., Zhao, H., Li, R., Hou, F., Liang, B., Hess, R. F. and Zhou, Z. The eye limits the brain's learning potential. Nature Scientific Reports, 364, 1-6.

297. Meso, A. and Hess, R. F. Identification and detection of visual motion gradient modulation: evidence for multiple extra-striate filtering channels. Vision Research, 64:42-8, Jul 1 2012.

296. Hess R. F., Thompson, B., Black, J., Maehara, G., Zhang, P., Bobier, W., To, L. and Cooperstock, G. An ipod treatment for amblyopia: an updated binocular approach. Optometry, 83(2), 88-94.

295. Husk, J., Huang, P-C and Hess, R. F. Orientation coherence sensitivity. Journal of Vision, 12(6):18. doi: 10.1167/12.6.18.

294. Hansen B. C., Hess R. F. On the effectiveness of noisemasks: naturalistic vs. un-naturalistic image statistics. Vision Research, 60, 101–113, 1 May 2012.

293. Thompson, B., Villeneuve, M., Casanova, C. & Hess, R. F. Abnormal processing of pattern motion by extra striate cortex in amblyopia; evidence from fMRI. NeuroImage, 60(2), 1307-15, Epub Apr 2 2012.

292. Husk, J., Farivar, R. and Hess, R. F. Amblyopic deficits in processing structure-from-motion. Journal of Vision, 12(4):4, April 13 2012. doi:10.1167/12.4.4

291. Huang, P-C, Maehara, G., May, K. and Hess, R. F. Pattern masking: the importance of remote spatial frequencies and their phase alignments. Journal of Vision, 12(2):14, Feb 16 2012. doi:10.1167/12.2.14.


2011

290. Black, J., Thompson, B., Marhara, G. and Hess, R. F. A compact clinical instrument for quantifying suppression. Optom. Vis. Sci., 88(20), 334-343, 2011.

289. Maehara, G., Thompson, B., Mansouri, B. and Hess, R. F. The perceptual consequences of suppression in amblyopia. Vision Research, 52(12), 9011-9017, 2011.

288. Meso, A., Hess, R. F. A visual field dependent architecture for second order motion processing. Neuroscience Letters, 503, 77–82, 2011.

287. Li, X., Coyle, D., Maguire, L., McGinnity, T. M. and Hess, R. F. Long timescale neuronal fMRI adaptation effects in human amblyopic cortex. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e26562, Epub Oct 31 2011.

286. Hess, R. F. and Maehara, G. Does cognitive perception have access to brief temporal events? i–Perception, 2, 142-149.

285. Meso, A. and Hess, R. F. Orientation gradient detection exhibits variable coupling between 1st and 2nd stage filtering mechanisms. J. Opt. Soc. America A, 28(8), 1731-1731.

284. Farivar, R., Thompson, B., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R.F. Hemodynamic delay represents neural inhibition. Journal of Vision, 11(14):16, 1-12.

283. Bell, J., Gheorghiu, E., Hess, R. F. and Kingdom, F. A. A. Global shape processing involves multiple integration stages. Vision Research, 51, 1760-1766.

282. Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B. and Thompson, B. Restoration of binocular vision in amblyopia.. Strabismus, 19(3), 110-118.

281. Goodman, L. K., Black, J. M., Phillips, G., Hess, R.F. & Thompson, B. Excitatory binocular interactions in two cases of alternating strabismus. JAAPOS. (In Press)

280. Zhang, P., Bobier, W., Thompson, B., and Hess R. F. Binocular balance in normal vision and its modulation by mean luminance. Optometry and Vision Science, 88(9), 1538-9235.

279. Li, J., Lam, C., Chen, L. and Hess, R. F. The role of suppression in amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 52(7), 4167-4176.

278. Thompson, B., Alby, R., Hess, R. F. Stockdale, C-A and Pack, C. Impaired spatial and binocular summation for motion discrimination in strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 25:51(6), 577-84.

277. Long, T., Thompson, B., Blum, J., Hess, R. F. and Cooperstock, J. A game platform for treatment of amblyopia. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 19(30), 280-289.

276. Mullen, K. T., Thompson, B. and Hess, R. F. Effect of temporal frequency on the responses of the human LGN and visual cortex to chromatic and achromatic stimuli measured with high-field fMRI. Journal of Vision, 2011.

275. Li, X., Mullen, K. T., Thompson, B. & Hess, R. F. Effective connectivity anomalies in human amblyopia. NeuroImage, 54, 505-516, 2011.


2010

274. Thompson, B., Mansouri, B., Koski, L. & Hess, R. F. From motor cortex to visual cortex: the application of non-invasive brain stimulation to amblyopia. Psychobiology, 2010.

273. Hess, R. F., Thompson, B. and Maehara, G. A compact clinical instrument for quantifying suppression. Optom. Vis. Sci., 87, 697-704, 2010.

272. Hess, R.F. & Zaharia, A.G. Global motion processing: invariance with mean luminance. Journal of Vision, 10(13):22, 1-10, 2010.

271. Mullen, K.T., Thompson, B. & Hess, R. F. Responses of the human visual cortex and LGN to achromatic and chromatic temporal modulation: an fMRI study. Journal of Vision, 10(13):13, 1–19, 2010.

270. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Farivar, R. & Hess, R. F. Co-operative interactions between first- and second-order mechanisms in the processing of structure from motion. Journal of Vision, 10(13):6, 1-9, 2010.

269. Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B. & Thompson, B. A binocular approach to treating amblyopia: antisuppression therapy. Optometry & Vision Science, 87(9), 697-704, 2010.

268. Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B. & Thompson, B. A new binocular approach to the treatment of amblyopia in adults well beyond the critical period of visual development. Restorative Neurology & Neuroscience, 28(6), 793-802, 2010.

267. Li, J., Lam, C. S., Yu, M., Hess, R. F., Chan, L. Y., Maehara G., Woo, G. C. & Thompson, B. Quantifying sensory eye dominance in the normal visual system: a new technique and insights into variation across traditional tests. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 2010. doi:10.1167/iovs.10-5549.

266. Dallala, R., Wang, Y-Z. & Hess, R. F. The global shape detection deficit in strabismic amblyopia: contribution of local orientation and position. Vision Research, 50, 1612-1617, 2010.

265. Meso, A. I. & Hess, R. F. Visual motion gradient sensitivity shows scale invariant spatial frequency and speed tuning properties. Vision Research, 50, 1475-1485, 2010.

264. Hess, R. F., Li, X-F., Lu, G., Thompson, B. & Hansen, B. C. The contrast dependence of the cortical fMRI deficit in amblyopia; a selective loss at higher contrasts. Human Brain Mapping, 31(8), 1233-1248.

263. Hess, R. F., Thompson, B., Gole, G. A. & Mullen, K. T. The amblyopic deficit and its relationship to geniculo-cortical processing streams. J. Neurophysiology, 104, 475-483, 2010.

262. Hansen, B. C., Thompson, B., Hess, R. F., & Ellemberg, D. Extracting the internal representation of faces from human brain activity: an analogue to reverse correlation. NeuroImage, 51, 373-390, 2010.

261. Maehara, G., Huang, P-C. & Hess, R. F. The effects of flankers on contrast detection and discrimination in binocular, monocular, and dichoptic presentations. Journal of Vision, 10(4):13, 2010. doi:10.1167/10.4.13.

260. Barnes, G. R., Li, X., Thompson, B., Singh, K. D., Dumoulin, S. O. & Hess, R. F. Decreased grey matter concentration in the lateral geniculate nuclei in human amblyopes. Invest. Opthal. Vis. Sci., 51, 1432-1438, 2010.

259. Li, X., Marrelec, G., Hess, R. F., & Benali, H. A nonlinear identification method to study effective connectivity in functional MRI. Medical Image Analysis, 14, 30-38, 2010.


2009

258. Maehara, G., Huang, P-C., & Hess, R. F. Importance of phase alignment for interocular suppression. Vision Research, 49(14), 1838-47, 2009.

257. Thompson, B., Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Koski, L. & Hess, R. F. A double dissociation between striate and extrastriate visual cortex for pattern motion perception revealed using rTMS. Human Brain Mapping, 30(10), 3115-26, 2009.

256. Hess, R. F., Li, X., Mansouri, B., Thompson, B. & Hansen, B. C. Selectivity as well as sensitivity loss characterizes the cortical spatial frequency deficit in amblyopia. Human Brain Mapping, 30(12), 4054–4069, 2009.

255. Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B., Thompson, B. & Gheorghiu, E. Latent stereopsis for motion-in-depth in strabismic amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 50, 5006-5016, 2009.

254. Hess, R. F., Li, X., Lu, G., Thompson, B. & Hansen, B. C. The contrast dependence of the cortical fMRI deficit in amblyopia; a selective loss at higher contrasts. Human Brain Mapping, 2009. (In Press)

253. Thompson, B., Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Koski, L. and Hess, R. F. A double dissociation between striate and extrastriate visual cortex for pattern motion perception revealed using rTMS. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 3115-3126, 2009.

252. Mansouri, B., Hansen B. C. & Hess, R. F. Disrupted retinotopic maps in amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 50, 3218-3225, 2009.

251. Hess, R. F., Huang, P-C. & Maehara, G. Spatial distortions produced by purely binocularly-based visual motion. Perception, 38(7), 1012-1018, 2009.

250. Hess, R. F., Thompson, B., Gole, G. and Mullen, K. T. Deficient responses from the lateral geniculate nucleus in humans with amblyopia. European J. Neuroscience, 29(5), 1064-1070, 2009.

249. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Thompson, B., Huang, P-C. & Hess, R. F. Low level mechanisms may contribute to paradoxical motion percepts. Journal of Vision, 9(5):9, 1-14, 2009. doi:10.1167/9.5.9. (PDF)


2008

248. Thompson, B., Farivar, R., Hansen, B. C. & Hess, R. F. A dichopic projection system for visual psychophysics in fMRI scanners. J. Neuroscience Methods, 168, 71-75, 2008.

247. Hess, R. F., Baker, D. H., May, K. A. and Wang, J. On the decline of 1st and 2nd order sensitivity with eccentricity. Journal of Vision, 8(1), 1-12, 2008.

246. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Thompson, B., Hess, R. F. & Troje, N. F. Biological motion perception is cue-invariant. Journal of Vision, 8(8):6, 1-11, 2008.

245. Hess, R. F. & Aaen-Stockdale, C. R. Global motion processing: the effect of spatial scale and eccentricity. Journal of Vision, 8(4):11, 1-11, 2008.

244. Thompson, B., Hansen, B. C., Hess, R. F. and Troje, N. F. Amblyopic perception of biological motion. Journal of Vision, 8(4):22, 1-14, 2008.

243. Thompson, B., Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R. F. Plaid perception is only subtly impaired in amblyopia. Vision Research, 48(11), 1307-1314, 2008.

242. Hess, R. F. and Wilcox, L. M. The transient nature of 2nd order stereopsis. Vision Research, 48, 1327-1334.

241. Thompson, B., Mansouri, B., Koski, L. and Hess, R. F. Brain plasticity in the adult: restoration of function in amblyopia using rTMS. Current Biology, 18, 1067-1071, 2008.

240. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R. & Hess, R. F. The amblyopic deficit for global motion is spatial scale invariant. Visual Research, 48(19), 1965-1971, 2008.

239. Baker, D. H., Meese, T. S. & Hess, R. F. Contrast masking in strabismic amblyopia: attenuation, noise, interocular suppression and binocular summation. Vision Research, 48(15), 1625-1640, 2008.

238. Dumoulin S. O., Dakin, S. C. & Hess, R. F. Sparsely distributed contours dominate extra-striate response to complex scenes. NeuroImage, 42(2), 890-901, 2008.

237. May, K. A. & Hess, R. F. Effects of element separation and carrier wavelength on detection of snakes and ladders: implications for models of contour integration. Journal of Vision, 8(13):4, 1-23, 2008. doi:10.1167/8.13.4. (PDF)

236. Hansen, B. C., Farivar, R., Thompson, B. & Hess, R. F. A critical band of phase alignment for discrimination but not recognition of human faces. Vision Research, 48(25), 2523-36, 2008.

235. Huang, P-C. and Hess, R. F. The dynamics of collinear facilitation: fast but sustained. Vision Research, 48(27), 2715-2722, 2008.

234. Mullen, K. T., Dumoulin, S. and Hess, R. F. Color responses of the human LGN: selective amplification of S-cone signals between the LGN and primary visual cortex measured with high-field fMRI. J. Neuroscience, 28(9), 1911-1923, 2008.

233. Mansouri, B., Thompson, B. and Hess, R. F. Measurement of suprathreshold binocular interactions in amblyopia. Vision Research, 48(28), 2775-2784, 2008. (PDF)


2007

232. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. Second-order optic flow processing. Vision Research, 47(13), 1798-1808, 2007.

231. Aaen-Stockdale, C. R., Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. Second-order optic flow deficits in amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 48(12), 5532-5538, 2007.

230. Baker, D. H., Meese, T. S., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R. F. Binocular summation of contrast remains intact in strabismic amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 48, 5332-5338, 2007.

229. Dumoulin, S. O. & Hess, R. F. Cortical specialization for concentric shape processing. Vision Research, 47, 1608-1613, 2007.

228. Hansen, B. C. & Hess, R. F. Structural sparseness and spatial phase alignment in natural scenes. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 24, 1873-1885, 2007.

227. Hess, R. F., Hutchinson, C. V., Ledgeway, T. & Mansouri, B. Binocular influences on global motion processing in the human visual system. Vision Research, 47, 1682-1692, 2007.

226. Huang, P-C. & Hess, R. F. Collinear facilitation: effect of additive and multiplicative external noise. Vision Research, 47, 3108-3119, 2007.

225. Huang, P-C., Mullen, K. T. & Hess, R. F. Collinear facilitation in color vision. Journal of Vision, 7(11), 1-14, 2007.

224. Li, X., Dumoulin, S. O., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R. F. The fidelity of the cortical retinotopic map in human amblyopia.. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 1265-1277, 2007.

223. Li, X., Dumoulin, S. O., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R. F. Cortical deficits in human amblyopia: their regional distribution and their relationship to the contrast detection deficit. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 48, 1575-1591, 2007.

222. May, K. A. & Hess, R. F. Dynamics of snakes and ladders. Journal of Vision, 7(12), 1-9, 2007.

221. May, K. A. & Hess R. F. Ladder contours are undetectable in the periphery: a crowding effect? Journal of Vision, 7(13), 1-15, 2007.

220. Mullen, K. T., Dumoulin, S. O., McMahon, K. L., de Zubicarary, G. I. & Hess, R. F. Sensitivity of human retinotopic visual cortex to red-green, blue-yellow and achromatic contrast. European J. of Neuroscience, 25, 491-502, 2007.

219. Mansouri, B., Hess, R. F. & Allen, H. A. Orientation variance discrimination in amblyopia. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 24, 2499-2504, 2007.

218. Thompson, B., Hansen, B. C., Hess, R. F. & Troje, N. F. Peripheral vision: good for biological motion, bad for signal noise segregation? Journal of Vision, 7(10):12, 1-7, 2007.


2006

217. Dumoulin, S. O. & Hess, R.F. Modulation of V1 activity by shape: image-statistics or shape-based perception? J. Neurophysiology, 95(6), 3654-3664, 2006.

216. Ellemberg, D., Allen, H. & Hess, R. F. Second-order spatial frequency and orientation channels in human vision. Vision Research, 46, 2798-2803, 2006.

215. Hansen, B. C. & Hess, R. F. The role of spatial phase in texture segmentation and contour integration. Journal of Vision, 6, 594-615, 2006.

214. Hansen, B. C. & Hess, R. F. Discrimination of amplitude spectrum slope in the fovea and parafovea and the local amplitude distributions of natural scene imagery. Journal of Vision, 6, 696-711, 2006.

213. Hess, R. F. & Wilcox, L. M. Stereo dynamics are not scale dependent. Vision Research, 46, 1911-1923, 2006.

212. Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B., Dakin, S. C. & Allen, H. Integration of local motion is normal in amblyopia. J. Opt. Soc. Am., 23(5), 986-992, 2006.

211. Hess, R. F., Schmid, K. L., Dumoulin, S. O., Field, D. J. & Brinkworth, D. R. What image properties regulate eye growth? Current Biology, 16, 687-691, 2006.

210. Hess, R. F., Wang, Y-Z. & Liu, C-H. Accessibility of spatial channels for stereo and motion. Vision Research, 46, 1318-1326, 2006.

209. Huang, P-C., Hess, R. F. & Dakin, S. C. Flank facilitation and contour integration: different sites. Vision Research, 46, 3699-706, 2006.

208. Huang, P-C., Kingdom, F. A. A. & Hess, R. F. Only two phase mechanisms, ±cosine, in human vision. Vision Research, 46, 2069-2081, 2006.

207. Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. The spatial frequency and orientation selectivity of mechanisms that extract motion-defined contours. Vision Research, 46, 568-578, 2006.

206. Mansouri, B. & Hess, R. F. The global processing deficit in amblyopia involves noise segregation. Vision Research, 46, 4104-4117, 2006.

205. Schmid, K. L., Brinkworth, D. R., Wallace, K. M. & Hess, R. F. The effect of manipulations to target contrast on emmetropization in chick. Vision Research, 46, 1099-1107, 2006.

204. Simmers, A. J., Ledgeway, T., Mansouri, B., Hutchinson, C. V. & Hess, R. F. The extent of the dorsal extra-striate deficit in amblyopia. Vision Research, 46, 2571-2580, 2006.


2005

203. Constantinescu, T., Schmidt, L., Watson, R. & Hess, R. F. A residual deficit for global motion processing after acuity recovery in deprivation amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 46, 3008-3012, 2005.

202. Ehrt, O. & Hess, R. F. Foveal contour interaction: detection and discrimination. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 22(2), 209-216, 2005.

201. Gingras, G., Mitchell, D. E. & Hess, R. F. The spatial localization deficit in visually deprived kittens. Vision Research, 45, 975-989, 2005.

200. Gingras, G., Mitchell, D. E. & Hess, R. F. Haphazard neural connections underlie the visual deficits of cats with strabismic or deprivation amblyopia. European Journal of Neuroscience, 22, 119-124, 2005.

199. Ledgeway, T., Hess, R. F. & Geisler, W. S. Grouping local orientation and direction signals to extract spatial contours: empirical tests of "assocation field" models of contour integration. Vision Research, 45(19), 2511-2522, 2005.

198. Mansouri, B., Allen, H. A. & Hess, R. F. Detection, discrimination and integration of second-order orientation information in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia. Vision Research, 45(18), 2449-2460, 2005.

197. Mansouri, B., Hess, R. F., Allen, H. A. & Dakin S. C. Integration, segration and binocular combination. J. Opt. Soc. A., 22(1), 38-48, 2005.

196. Meese, T. S. & Hess, R. F. Interocular suppression is gated by interocular feature matching. Vision Research, 45, 9-15, 2005.

195. Meese, T. S., Hess, R. F. & Williams, C. B. Size matters, but not for everyone: individual differences for contrast discrimination. Journal of Vision, 5, 928-947, 2005.

194. Simmers, A. J., Ledgeway, T., Hess, R. F. & McGraw, P. V. The influences of visibility and anomalous integration processes on the perception of global spatial form versus motion in human amblyopia. Vision Research, 45, 449-460, 2005.

193. Wang, Y-Z. & Hess R. F. Contributions of local orientation and position features to shape integration. Vision Research, 45, 1375-1383, 2005.


2004

192. Meese, T. S. & Hess, R. F. Low spatial frequencies are suppressively masked across spatial scale, orientation, field position, and eye of origin. Journal of Vision, 4, 843-859, 2004.

191. Ellemberg, D., Allen, H. A. & Hess, R. F. Lateral contrast interactions for first- and second-order stimuli. Vision Research, 44, 1787-1794, 2004.

190. Allen, H. A., Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. Poor encoding of position by contrast-defined motion. Vision Research, 44, 1985-1999, 2004.

189. Mansouri, B., Allen, H. A., Hess, R. F. & Dakin, S. Integration of orientation information in amblyopia. Vision Research, 44, 2955-2969, 2004.

188. Mansouri, B., Allen, H. A., Hess R. F., Dakin, S. & Ehrt, O. Integration, segregation and binocular combination. JOSA, 44(25), 2955-69, 2004.


2003

187. Achtman, R. L., Hess, R. F. & Wang, Y-Z. Sensitivity for global shape detection. Journal of Vision, 3(10), 616-624, 2003.

186. Allen, H. A., Hess, R. F., Mansouri, B. & Dakin, S. Integration of first and second-order orientation. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 20, 974-986, 2003.

185. Dumoulin, S. O., Hoge, R. D., Baker Jr., C. L., Hess, R. F., Achtman, I. & Evans, A. C. Automatic volumetric segmentation of human visual retinotopic cortex. NeuroImage, 18, 576-587, 2003.

184. Ehrt, O., Hess, R. F., Williams, C. B. & Sher, K. Foveal contrast thresholds exhibit spatial-frequency- and polarity-specific contour interactions. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 20, 11-17, 2003.

183. Hess, R. F., Liu, C-H. & Wang, Y-Z. Differential binocular input and local stereopsis. Vision Research, 43, 2303-2313, 2003.

182. Hess, R. F. & Ledgeway, T. The detection of direction-defined and speed-defined spatial contours: one mchanism or two? Vision Research, 43, 597-606, 2003.

181. Hess, R. F., Pointer, J. S., Simmers, A. & Bex, P. Border distinctness in amblyopia. Vision Research, 43, 2255-2264, 2003.

180. Simmers, A., Hess, R. F. & Bex, P. Perceived blur in amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 44,1395-1400, 2003.

179. Hess, R. F., Barnes, G., Dumoulin, S. O. & Dakin, S. C. How many positions can we perceptually encode, one or many? Vision Research, 43, 1575-1587, 2003.

178. Simmers, A. J., Ledgeway, T., Hess, R. F. & McGraw, P. V. Deficits to global motion processing in human amblyopia. Vision Research, 43, 729-738, 2003.

177. Dumoulin, S. O., Baker, Jr., C. L., Hess, R. F. & Evans, A. C. Cortical specialization for processing first-and second-order motion. Cerebral Cortex, 13(12), 1327-1385, 2003.

176. Hess, R. F. & Hayes, A. Contour Integration and cortical processing. J. Physiol. (Paris), 97, 105-119, 2003.

175. Hess, R. F. & Malin, S. Threshold vision in amblyopia: orientation and phase. Invest. Ophthal. Vis. Sci., 44(110), 4762-71, 2003.


2002

174. Dakin, S. C., Hess, R. F., Ledgeway, T. & Achtman, R. L. What causes non-monotonic tuning of fMRI response to noisy images? Current Biology, 12, R476-477, 2002.

173. Hess, R. F. & Fredericksen, R. E. Temporal detection in human vision: dependence on eccentricity. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt., 22, 92-102, 2002.

172. Hess, R. F., Liu, C. H. & Wang, Y-Z. Luminance spatial scale and local stereo-sensitivity. Vision Research, 42(3), 331-342, 2002.

171. Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. Failure of direction identification for briefly presented second-order motion stimuli: evidence for weak direction selectivity of the mechanisms encoding motion. Vision Research, 42, 1739-1758, 2002.

170. Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. Rules for combining the outputs of local motion detectors to define simple contours. Vision Research, 42(5), 653-659, 2002.

169. Scott-Samuel, N. E. & Hess, R. F. Orientation sensitivity in human visual motion processing. Vision Research, 42(5), 613-620, 2002.

168. Ellemberg, D., Hess, R. F. & Arsenault, A. S. Lateral interactions in amblyopia. Vision Research, 42, 2471-2478, 2002.


2001

167. Barnes, G. R., Hess, R. F., Dumoulin, S. O., Achtman, R. L. & Pike, G. B. The cortical deficit in humans with strabismic amblyopia. J. Physiol., 533, 281-297, 2001.

166. Dumoulin, S. O., Baker Jr., C. L. & Hess, R. F. A centrifugal bias for 2nd-order but not 1st-order motion. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 18(9), 2179-2189, 2001.

165. Hess, R. F., Beaudot, W. H. & Mullen, K. T. Dynamics of contour integration. Vision Research, 41, 1023-1037, 2001.

164. Hess, R. F., Dakin, S. C., Tewfik, M. & Brown, B. Contour interaction in amblyopia scale selection. Vision Research, 41, 2285-2296, 2001.

163. Hess, R. F., Achtman, R. L. & Wang, Y-Z. Detection of contrast-defined shape. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 18(9), 2220-2227, 2001.

162. Hess, R. F., Williams, C. B. & Chaudhry, A. Contour interaction for an easily resolvable stimulus. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 18, 2414-2418, 2001.

161. Kingdom, F. A. A., Ziegler, L. R. & Hess, R. F. Luminance spatial scale facilitates stereoscopic depth segmentation. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 18(5), 993-1002, 2001.

160. Meese, T. S., Hess, R. F. & Williams, C. B. Spatial coherence does not affect contrast discrimination for multiple Gabor stimuli. Perception, 30, 1411-1422, 2001.

159. Scott-Samuel, N. E. & Hess, R. F. What does the Ternus display tell us about motion processing in human vision? Perception, 30, 1179-1188, 2001.

158. Hess, R. F. Amblyopia: Site Unseen. Australian Journal of Experimental Optometry, 84(6), 321-336, 2001.


2000

157. Achtman, R. L., Hess, R. F. & Wang, Y-Z. Regional sensitivity for shape discrimination. Spatial Vision, 13(4), 377-391, 2000.

156. Field, D. J., Hayes, A. and Hess, R. F. The role of polarity and symmetry in the perceptual grouping of contour fragments. Spatial Vision, 13, 51-66, 2000.

155. Hess, R. F., Dakin, S. C., Kapoor, N. The foveal 'crowding' effect: physics or physiology? Vision Research, 40:(4), 365-370, 2000.

154. Hess, R. F., Dakin, S. C., Kapoor, N. & Tewfik, M. Contour interaction in fovea and periphery. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 17, 1516-1524, 2000.

153. Hess, R. F., Ledgeway, T. & Dakin, S. C. Improverished 2nd order input to global linking in human vision. Vision Research, 40, 3309-3318, 2000.

152. Hess, R. F. and Ziegler, L. R. What limits the contribution of second-order motion to the perception of surface shape? Vision Research, 40, 2125-2133, 2000.

151. Ledgeway, T. & Hess, R. F. The properties of the motion-detecting mechanism mediating perceived direction in stochastic displays. Vision Research, 40, 3585-3597, 2000.

150. McColl, S. L., Ziegler, L. & Hess, R. F. Stereodeficient subjects demonstrate non-linear stereopsis. Vision Research, 40, 1167-1177, 2000.

149. Wilcox, L. M., Elder, J. H. & Hess, R. F. The effects of blur and size on monocular and stereoscopic localization. Vision Research, 40, 3575-3584, 2000.

148. Ziegler, L. R., Hess, R. F. & Kingdom, F. A. A. Global factors that determine the maximum disparity for seeing cyclopean surface shape. Vision Research, 40, 493-502, 2000.

147. Ziegler, L. R., Kingdom, F. A. A. & Hess, R. F. Local luminance factors that determine the maximum disparity for seeing cyclopean surface shape. Vision Research, 40, 1157-1165, 2000.


1999

146. Demanins, R., Wang, Y-I., and Hess, R. F. The neural deficit in strabismic amblyopia: sampling considerations. Vision Research, 39, 3575-3585, 1999.

145. Hess, R. F. and Dakin, S. C. Contour integration in the peripheral field. Vision Research, 39, 947-959, 1999.

144. Hess, R. F., Baker Jr., C. L. and Wilcox, L. M. Comparison of motion and stereopsis: linear and nonlinear performance. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 16, 987-994, 1999.

143. Hess, R. F., Wang, Y-Z. & Dakin, S. C. Are judgements of circularity local or global? Vision Research, 39, 4354-4360, 1999.

142. Hess, R. F., Wang, Y-I., Demanins, R., Wilkinson, F. and Wilson, H. R. A. Deficit for global shape detection in amblyopia. Vision Research, 39, 901-914, 1999.

141. Hess, R. F., Kingdom, F. A. A. and Ziegler, L. On the relationship between the spatial channels for luminance and disparity processing. Vision Research, 39, 557-566, 1999.

140. Ziegler, L. and Hess, R. F. Stereoscopic depth but not shape perception from second-order processing. Vision Research, 39, 1491-1509, 1999.

139. Dakin, S. and Hess, R. F. Contour integration and scale combination processes in visual edge detection. Spatial Vision, 12, 309-327, 1999.

138. Demanins, R., Hess, R. F., Williams, C. B. and Keeble, D. R. T. The orientation discrimination deficit in strabismic amblyopia depends upon stimulus bandwidth. Vision Research, 39, 4018-4031, 1999.

137. Fredericksen, R. E. & Hess, R. F. Temporal detection in human vision: dependence on spatial frequency. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 16, 2601-2624, 1999.

136. Keeble, D. R. T. and Hess, R. F. Discriminating local continuity in curved figures. Vision Research, 39, 3287-3299, 1999.

135. Ziegler, L. R. and Hess, R. F. Stereoscopic depth but not shape perception from second-order stimuli. Vision Research, 39, 1491-1507, 1999.

134. Ziegler, L., Hess, R. F. & Kingdom, F. A. A. What global factor determines Dmax for shape-from-stereo. Vision Research, 40, 493-502, 1999.

133. Ziegler, L., Kingdom, F. A. A. and Hess, R. F. What local factors determine the maximum disparity for seeing cyclopean surface shape. Vision Research, 40, 1157-1165, 1999.

132. Dakin, S. C., Williams, C. W. and Hess, R. F. The interaction of first and second-order cues to orientation. Vision Research, 39, 2867-2884, 1999.

131. Hess, R. F., Baker Jr., C. L. and Wilcox, L. M. Comparison of motion and stereo: linear and non-linear performance. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 16,987-994, 1999.


1998

130. Allen, D., Hess, R. F. and Nordby, K. Is the rod visual field temporally homogeneous? Vision Research, 38, 3927-3931, 1998.

129. Baker, C. L. and Hess, R. F. Two mechanisms underlie the processing of stochastic motion stimuli. Vision Research, 38, 1211-1222, 1998.

128. Fredericksen, R. E. and Hess, R. F. Estimating multiple temporal mechanisms in human vision. Vision Research, 38, 1023-1040, 1998.

127. Hess, R. F., Fredericksen, R. E., Bex, P. and Brady, N. Is human motion detection subserved by a single or multiple channel mechanism? Vision Research, 38, 259-266, 1998.

126. Dakin, S. C. and Hess, R. F. Spatial frequency tuning of visual contour integration. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 15(6), 1486-1499, 1998.

125. Hess, R. F., Dakin, S. C. and Field, D. J. The role of "contrast enhancement" in the detection and appearance of visual contours. Vision Research, 38, 783-788, 1998.

124. Hess, R. F. and Demanins, R. Contour integration in anisometropic amblyopia. Vision Research, 38, 889-894, 1998.

123. Keeble, D. R. T. and Hess, R. F. Orientation masks 3-gabor alignment performance. Vision Research, 38, 827-840, 1998.

122. Wilcox, L. M. and Hess, R. F. When stereopsis does not improve with increasing contrast. Vision Research, 38, 3671-3679, 1998.

121. Williams, C. B. and Hess, R. F. Relationship between facilitation at threshold and suprathreshold contour integration. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 15, 2046-2051, 1998.


1997

120. Dakin, S. & Hess, R. F. The spatial mechanisms mediating symmetry perception. Vision Research, 37, 2915-2930, 1997.

119. Fredericksen, R. E. and Hess, R. F. Temporal detection in human vision – dependence on stimulus energy. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 14, 2557-2569, 1997.

118. Hess, R. F. & Dakin, S. C. Absence of contour linking in peripheral vision. Nature, 390, 602-604, 1997.

117. Hess, R. F., Demanins, R. and Bex, P. A reduced motion aftereffect in strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 37, 1303-1311, 1997.

116. Hess, R. F., Hayes, A. and Kingdom, F. A. Integrating contours within and through depth. Vision Research, 37, 691-696, 1997.

115. Hess, R. F., McIlhagga, W. and Field, D. J. Contour integration in strabismic amblyopia: sufficiency of an explanation based on positional uncertainty. Vision Research, 37, 3145-3162, 1997.

114. Wang, Y., Hess, R. F. and Baker, C. L. Second order motion in peripheral vision: the limits of optical and neural filtering. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 14(12), 3145-3154, 1997.

113. Wilcox, L. M. and Hess, R. F. Scale selection for 2nd order stereopsis. Vision Research, 37, 2981-2992, 1997.

112. Ziegler, L. and Hess, R. F. Depth perception during diplopia is direct. Peception, 26, 1225-1230, 1997.


1996

111. Wilcox, L. M. and Hess, R. F. Is the site of non-linear filtering in stereopsis before or after binocular combination? Vision Research, 36, 391-399, 1996.

110. Hess, R. F., Waugh, S. J. and Nordby, K. Rod temporal channels. Vision Research, 36, 613-619, 1996.

109. Mullen, K. T., Sankeralli, M. J. and Hess, R. F. Color and luminance vision in human amblyopia: shifts in isoluminance, contrast sensitivity losses, and positional deficits. Vision Research, 36, 645-653, 1996.

108. Demanins, R. and Hess, R. F. Positional loss in strabismic amblyopia: Inter-relationship of accuracy, bias, spatial scale and eccentricity. Vision Research, 36, 2771-2794, 1996.

107. Badcock, D. R., Hess, R. F. and Dobbins, K. Localisation of element clusters: multiple cues. Vision Research, 36, 1467-1472, 1996.

106. Demanins, R. and Hess, R. F. Effect of exposure duration on spatial uncertainty in normal and amblyopic eyes. Vision Research, 36, 1189-1193, 1996.

105. Hess, R. F. Is amblyopia an impediment to binocular function? Eye, 10, 245-249, 1996.

104. Hess, R. F. and Holliday, I. Primitives used in the spatial localization of non-abutting stimuli: peaks or centroids. Vision Research, 36, 3821-3826, 1996.


1995

103. Bex, P. J., Brady, N., Fredericksen, R. E. and Hess, R. F. Energetic motion detection. Nature, 378, 670-671, 1995.

102. Hess, R. F. Amblyopia: a tale of two approaches. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt., 15, 395-397, 1995.

101. Hess, R. F. and Badcock, D. R. Metric for separation discrimination by the human visual system. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 12, 3-16, 1995.

100. Hess, R. F. and Doshi, M. Adaptation to spatial offsets. Perception, 24, 1407-1426, 1995.

99. Hess, R. F. and Field, D. J. Contour integration across depth. Vision Research, 35, 1699-1711, 1995.

98. Snowden, R. J., Hess, R. F. and Waugh, S. J. The processing of temporal modulation at different levels of retinal illuminance. Vision Research, 35, 775-789, 1995.

97. Wilcox, L. M. and Hess, R. F. Dmax for stereopsis depends on size, not spatial frequency content. Vision Research, 35, 1061-1069, 1995.


1994

96. Smith, A. T., Hess, R. F. and Baker, Jr., C. L. Direction identification thresholds for second order motion in central and peripheral vision. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 11(2), 506-514, 1994.

95. Hess, R. F. and Hayes, A. The coding of spatial position by the human visual system: effects of spatial scale and retinal eccentricity. Vision Research, 34, 625-643, 1994.

94. Waugh, S. J. and Hess, R. F. Suprathreshold temporal-frequency discrimination in the fovea and the periphery. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 11(4), 1199-1212, 1994.

93. Barbur, J. L., Hess, R. F. and Pinney, H. D. Pupillary function in human amblyopia. J. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt., 14, 139-149, 1994.

92. Hess, R. F. and Wilcox, L. M. Linear and non-linear filtering in stereopsis. Vision Research, 34, 2431-2438, 1994.

91. Hess, R. F., Dakin, S. R. G. and Badcock, D. Localization of element clusters by the human visual system. Vision Research, 34, 2439-2451, 1994.

90. Hess, R. F. and McCarthy, J. Topological disorder in peripheral vision. Visual Neuroscience, 11, 1033-1036, 1994.

89. Hess, R. F. and Field, R. F. Is the spatial deficit in strabismic amblyopia due to loss of cells or an uncalibrated disarray of cells? Vision Research, 34, 3397-3406, 1994.


1993

88. Field, D. J., Hayes, A. and Hess, R. F. Contour integration by the human visual system: evidence for a local "association field". Vision Research. 33, 173-193, 1993.

87. Hess, R. F. and Anderson, S. J. Motion sensitivity and spatial undersampling in amblyopia. Vision Research, 33, 881-896, 1993.

86. Hess, R. F. and Hayes, A. Neural recruitment explains "Weber's Law" of spatial position. Vision Research, 33, 1673-1684, 1993.

85. Hess, R. F. and Field, D. Is the increased spatial uncertainty in the normal periphery due to spatial undersampling or uncalibrated disarray? Vision Research, 33, 2663-2670, 1993.


1992

84. Hess, R. F. and Snowden, R. J. Temporal properties of human visual filters: number, shapes and spatial covariation. Vision Research, 32, 47-59, 1992.

83. Snowden, R. J. and Hess, R. F. Temporal frequency filters in the human peripheral visual field. Vision Research, 32, 61-72, 1992.

82. Hess, R. F., Mullen, K. T. and Nordby, K. Mutual rod-cone suppression within the central visual field. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt., 12(2), 183-188, 1992.

81. Allen, D. and Hess, R. F. Is the visual field temporally homogeneous? Vision Research, 32, 1075-1084, 1992.

80. Hess, R. F. and Holliday, I. E. The coding of spatial position by the human visual system: effects of spatial scale and contrast. Vision Research, 32, 1085-1097, 1992.

79. Hess, R. F. and Holliday, I. E. The spatial localization deficits in amblyopia. Vision Research, 32, 1319-1339, 1992.

78. Harrad, R. and Hess, R. F. A model for suppression in amblyopia. Transactions, 20, European Strabismological Association, Ed. Herbert Kaufman, pp. 113-118, 1992.

77. Harrad, R. A. and Hess, R. F. Binocular integration of contrast information in amblyopia. Vision Research, 32, 2135-2150, 1992.


1991

76. Hess, R. F. The site and nature of suppression in strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 31, 111-118, 1991.

75. Baker, C. L., Hess, R. F. and Zihl, J. Residual motion perception in a "motion-blind" patient, assessed with limited lifetime random dot stimuli. J. Neurosci., 11, 454-461, 1991.

74. Hess, R. F. The site and nature of suppression in squint amblyopia. Vision Research, 31, 111-117, 1991.

73. Anderson, S.J., Mullen, K. T. and Hess, R. F. Human peripheral spatial resolution for achromatic and chromatic stimuli: limits imposed by optical and retinal factors. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 442, 47-64, 1991.


1990

72. Pointer, J. S. and Hess, R. F. The contrast sensitivity gradient across the major oblique meridia of the human visual field. Vision Research, 30, 497-501, 1990.

71. Boulton, J. C. and Hess, R. F. Luminance contrast and motion detection. Vision Research, 30, 175-179, 1990.

70. Boulton, J. C. and Hess, R. F. The optimal displacement for the detection of motion. Vision Research, 30, 1101-1106, 1990.

69. Hess, R. F., Zihl, J., Pointer, J. S. and Schmid, C. The contrast sensitivity deficit in cases with cerebral lesions. Clin. Vis. Sci., 5, 203-216, 1990.

68. Hess, R. F. The Edridge-Green Lecture. Vision at low light levels; role of spatial, temporal and contrast filters. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt., 10, 351-359, 1990.

67. Hess, R. F. and Watt, R. J. Regional distribution of the mechanisms that underlie spatial localization. Vision Research, 30, 1020-1032 1990.

66. Anderson, S. J., & Hess, R. F. An illusory motion percept in human peripheral vision provides evidence for spatial undersampling. Vision Research, 30, 1507-1516, 1990.


1989

65. Hess, R. F. and Pointer, J. S. Spatial and temporal contrast sensitivity in hemianopia: a comparative study of sighted and blind hemifields. Brain, 112, 187-194, 1989.

64. Hess, R. F., Pointer, J. S. and Watt, R. How are spatial filters used in fovea and parafovea? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 6, 329-339, 1989.

63. Hess, R. F., Baker, C. L. and Zihl, J. The "motion-blind" patient: low level spatial and temporal filters. J. Neuroscience, 9(5), 1628-1640, 1989.

62. Pointer, J. S. and Hess, R. F. The contrast sensitivity gradient across the human visual field: with emphasis on the low spatial frequency range. Vision Research, 29, 1133-1151, 1989.

61. Hess, R. F., Mullen, K. T. and Zrenner, E. The receptoral mechanisms in a typical achromatopsia. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 419, 123-149, 1989.

60. Hess, R. F., Mullen, K. T. and Zrenner, E. Vision in humans with only short wavelength cone receptors: post receptoral properties. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 419, 150-175, 1989.


1988

59. Kersten, D., Hess, R. F. and Plant, G. T. Assessing contrast sensitivity behind cloudy media. Clin. Vision Sci., 2(3), 143-158, 1988.

58. Baker, C. L., Hess, R. F., Olson, B. T. and Zrenner, E. Current source density analysis of linear and nonlinear components of the primate electroretinogram. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 407, 155-176, 1988.

57. Hess, R. F. and Howell, E. R. Detection of low spatial frequencies. A single filter or multiple filters? Ophthal. & Physiol. Opt., 8, 378-386, 1988.

56. Hess, R. F. The visual deficit in optic neuritis. Clin. and Expl. Optom., 71, 3-10, 1988.


1987

55. Plant, G. T. and Hess, R. F. Regional threshold contrast sensitivity within the central visual field in optic neuritis. Brain, 110, 489-515, 1987.

54. Hess, R. F., Nordby, K. and Pointer, J. S. Regional variation of contrast sensitivity across the retina of the achromat: normal limits of human rod vision. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 388, 101-119, 1987.


1986

53. Hess, R. F., Zrenner, E. and Baker, Jr., C. L. Fundamental differences between the electroretinogram of cat and primate. J. Neurophysiol., 56(3), 1-22, 1986.

52. Plant, G. T., Hess, R. F. and Thomas, S. J. The pattern evoked electroretinogram in optic neuritis. Brain, 109, 496-490, 1986.

51. Hess, R. F. and Nordby, K. Spatial and temporal limits of vision in the achromat. J. Physiol. (Lond), 371, 365-385, 1986.

50. Hess, R. F. and Nordby, K. Spatial and temporal properties of human rod vision in the achromat. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 371, 387-406, 1986.

49. Watt, R. J. and Hess, R. F. Spatial information and uncertainty in anisometropic amblyopia. Vision Research, 27, 661-674, 1986.

48. Hess, R. F. and Pointer, J. S. Evidence for local spatial computations underlying discrimination of periodic stimuli. Vision Research, 27, 1343-1360, 1986.


1985

47. Hess, R. F., Woo, G. and White, P. G. Contrast attenuation characteristics of iris clipped intraocular lens implants in situ. Brit. Journal Ophthal., 69, 129-134, 1985.

46. Hess, R. F., Baker, Jr., C. L., Verhoeve, J., Tulanay-Kessey, U. and France, T. D. The pattern evoked electroretinogram: its variability in normals and its relationship to amblyopia. Invest. Ophthal. and Vis. Sci., 26, 1610-1623, 1985.

45. Plant, G. and Hess, R. F. Temporal frequency discrimination in patients suffering from optic neuritis. Brain, 108, 647-676, 1985.

44. Moore, B. C. J., Glasberg, B. R., Hess, R. F. and Birchell, J. P. Effects of flanking noise on the rate of growth of loudness of tones in normal and recruiting ears. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 77(4), 1505-1513, 1985.

43. Hess, R. F. and Plant, G. T. Temporal frequency discrimination in human vision: evidence for one or more additional channels in the low spatial and high temporal frequency range. Vision Research, 25, 1493-1500, 1985.

42. Hess, R. F. and Pointer, J. S. Differences in the neural basis of human amblyopia: the distribution of the anomaly across the visual field. Vision Research, 25, 1577-1594, 1985.


1984

41. Hess, R. F. and Baker, Jr., C. L. The human pattern-evoked electroretinogram. J. Neurophysiology, 51, 939-951, 1984.

40. Baker, Jr., C. L. and Hess, R. F. Linear and nonlinear components of the human electroretinogram. J. Neurophysiology, 51, 952-967, 1984.

39. Hess, R. F. and Baker, Jr., C. L. The pattern ERG in severely amblyopic eyes. Vision Research, 24, 1367-1376, 1984.

38. Hess, R. F. On the assessment of contrast threshold functions for anomalous vision. Brit. Orthop. J., 41, 1-14, 1984.


1983

37. Hess, R. F., Bradley, A. and Piotrowski, L. Contrast coding in amblyopia. I. Differences in the neural basis of human amblyopia. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 217, 309-330, 1983.

36. Hess, R. F. Contrast coding in amblyopia. I. On the physiological basis of contrast recruitment. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 217, 331-340, 1983.

35. Hess, R. F. and Plant, G. The effect of temporal frequency variation on contrast threshold deficits in optic neuritis. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. and Psychiat., 46, 322-330, 1983.

34. Hess, R. F. Contrast vision and optic neuritis: neural blurring. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. and Psychiat., 46, 1023-1030, 1983.


1982

33. Hess, R. F. Developmental sensory impairment, amblyopia or tarachopia. Human Neurobiol., 1, 17-29, 1982.

32. Lawden, M., Hess, R. F. and Campbell, F. W. The discriminability of spatial phase relationships in amblyopia. Vision Research, 22, 1005-1016, 1982.


1981

31. Hess, R. F., France, T. and Keesey, U. Residual vision in humans deprived of pattern vision in early life. Exp. Brain Res., 44, 295-311, 1981.


1980

30. Hess, R. F., Campbell, F. W. and Zimmern, R. Differences in the neural basis of human amblyopia: the effect of mean luminance. Vision Research, 20, 295-305, 1980.

29. Hess, R. F. Contrast sensitivity assessment of functional amblyopia in humans. Trans. Ophthal. Soc. U.K., XCIX (III), 391-397, 1980.

28. Hess, R. F. Neural function and dysfunction in amblyopia: Part I. Spatial "channels". Vision Research, 20, 749-754, 1980.

27. Hess, R. F. and Campbell, F. W. Neural function and dysfunction in amblyopia: Part I. Activity within an amblyopic "channel". Vision Research, 20, 755-756, 1980.

26. Hess, R. F. Neural function and dysfunction in amblyopia: Part II. Activity between amblyopic "channels". Vision Research, 20, 757-760, 1980.

25. Hess, R. F. and Jenkins, S. The non acuity defect in amblyopia: comparison of threshold and suprathreshold function. Perception, 9, 569-576, 1980.

24. Hess, R. F. and Bradley, A. Contrast coding in amblyopia is only minimally impaired above threshold. Nature, 287, 463-464, 1980.


1979

23. Hess, R. F. and Jacobs, R. J. A preliminary report of a acuity and contour interactions across the amblyope's visual field. Vision Research, 19, 1403-1408, 1979.

22. Hess, R. F. and Carney, L. Vision through an abnormal cornea. Invest. Ophthal. and Vis. Sci., 18, 476-483, 1979.

21. Woo, G. and Hess, R. F. Contrast sensitivity function and soft contact lenses. Inter. Contact Lens J., 37, 171-176, 1979.

20. Hess, R. F. Strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia: an invited review. Aust. J. Optom., 62, 3-18, 1979.


1978

19. Howell, E. R. and Hess, R. F. The functional area for summation to thresholds for sinusoidal gratings. Vision Research, 18, 369-374, 1978.

18. Hess, R. F., Howell, E. R. and Kitchin, J. On the relationship between pattern and movement sensitivity in strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 18, 350-379, 1978.

17. Hess, R. F. and Howell, E. R. The influence of field size for a periodic stimulus in strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 18, 501-503, 1978.

16. Hess, R. F. and Woo, G. Vision through cataracts. Invest. Ophthal. and Vis. Sci., 17, 428-435, 1978.

15. Hess, R. F. and Howell, E. R. The luminance dependent nature of strabismic amblyopia. Vision Research, 18, 931-936, 1978.

14. Hess, R. F., Jacobs, R. and Vingry, L. Central versus peripheral vision. Amer. J. Optom. & Physiol. Opt., 55, 610-614, 1978.

13. Banks, R., Campbell, F. W., Hess, R. F. and Watson, P. A new treatment for amblyopia. Brit. J. Orthop., 35, 1-12, 1978.

12. Campbell, F. W., Hess, R. F., Watson, P. and Banks, R. Preliminary results of a physiologically based treatment of amblyopia. Brit. J. Ophthal., 62, 748-755, 1978.

11. Hess, R. F., Campbell, F. W. and Greenhalgh, T. On the nature of the neural abnormality in human amblyopia; neural aberrations and neural sensitivity loss. Pflügers Arch. Physiol., 377, 201-207, 1978.


1977

10. Hess, R. F. and Howell, E. R. Contrast sensitivity function in squint amblyopia. Evidence for a two group classification. Vision Research, 17, 1049-1055, 1977.

9. Hess, R. F. and Garner, L. F. The effect of corneal oedema on visual function. Invest. Ophthal., 16, 5-13, 1977.

8. Hess, R. F. Assessment of stimulus field-size factors in strabismic amblyopia. Amer. J. Optom. & Physiol. Opt., 54, 292-299, 1977.

7. Hess, R. F. and Smith, G. Experiments bearing upon the hypothesis that exaggerated higher-order aberrations contribute to visual loss in strabismic amblyopia. Amer. J. Optom. & Physiol. Opt., 54, 627-633, 1977.

6. Hess, R. F. Eye movements and grating acuity in strabismic amblyopia. Ophthal. Res., 9, 225-237, 1977.

5. Hess, R. F. Accommodative accuracy in strabismic amblyopia. Aust. J. Optom., 60, 295-298, 1977.

4. Hess, R. F. On the relationship between eccentric fixation and strabismic amblyopia. Brit. J. Ophthal., 61, 767-773, 1977.


1974

3. Hess, R. F., Harding, G. F. A. and Drasdo, N. Seizures induced by flickering light. Amer. J. Optom. & Physiol. Opt., 54, 517-529, 1974.

2. Hess, R. F. The electro-oculogram, a new test of retinal metabolic function. Aust. J. Optom., 57, 4-13, 1974.


1971

1. Hess, R. F. An appraisal of the prognosis and treatment for a functional cure of horizontal concomitant strabismus. Aust. J. Optom., 54, 129-148, 1971.


Books:

1. Night Vision. Hess, R. F. and Nordby, K. (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 1990.

2. Recent advances in optic neuritis. Hess, R. F. and Plant, G. T. (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 1986.


Chapters in Books:

1. Hess, R. F., Watson, P. G., Banks, R. V. and Campbell, F. W. A clinical assessment of a new treatment of amblyopia. Strabismus: Gune & Stratton, London, 1978.

2. Hess, R. F. The application of contrast sensitivity techniques to the study of functional amblyopia in relationship between psychophysics and clinical ophthalmology. Cambridge University Press, pp. 11-41, 1980.

3. Hess, R. F. The uses and abuses of assessing contrast sensitivity functions for anomalous vision. Kohler Festschrift, Springer, 1984.

4. Hess, R. F. New and improved contrast sensitivity approaches to low vision. In: Low Vision Ed. G. Woo, Springer-Verlag, pp 1-16, 1986.

5. Hess, R. F. and Plant, G. T. Psychophysical loss in optic neuritis: spatial and temporal aspects. Chapter in Recent Advances in Optic Neuritis. Hess & Plant (eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 109-151, 1986.

6. Plant, G. T. and Hess, R. F. Electrophysical loss in optic neuritis: pattern VEP and pattern ERG. Chapter in Recent Advances in Optic Neuritis. Hess & Plant (eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 192-229, 1986.

7. Hess, R. F., Field, D. J. and Watt, R. J. The puzzle of amblyopia. In: Efficiency and coding in vision, 1988: Cambridge University Press, pp. 267-280, 1989.

8. Hess, R. F. Post-receptor sensitivity of the achromat. In: Night Vision. Hess, Sharpe & Nordby (eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 390-413, 1990.

9. Hess, R. F. Rod-mediated vision; role of post-receptor filters. In: Night Vision. Hess, Sharpe & Nordby (eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-48, 1990.

10. Hess, R. F. Assessing human retinal function beyond the receptors. In: Proceedings on Contrast Sensitivity: from Receptors to Clinic. "Contrast Sensitivity", Vol. 5, Shapley, R. & Lam, D. M. K. (eds.), MIT Press, pp 289-308, 1993.

11. Hess, R. F. Sensory processing in human amblyopia: snakes and ladders. Novartis Proceeding, In: Amblyopia - a multidisciplinary approach, edited by Merrick Moseley and Alistair Fielder. Butterworth Pub., U.K. pp 19-42, 2002.

12. Hess R. F. Single cells to cellular networks. In Levels of Perception, by L. Harris & M. Jenkins (eds.) Springer -Verlag, New York. pp. 193-210, 2003.

13. Hess, R. F. Spatial scale in visual processing. In The Visual Neurosciences, edited by Leo M. Chalupa and John S. Werner. MIT Press pp 1043-1059, 2004.

14. Hess, R. F. & Daw, N. Amblyopia. In: Ocular Disease: Mechanisms and Management, Editors: Leonard A. Levin and Daniel M. Albert. Publisher: Saunders (Elsevier) Year: 2009/2010 (tbc) ISBN: 978-0-7020-2983-7. Chapter 58.

15. Hess, R. F. Early processing of spatial form. Chapter 32 Adler’s Physiology of the eye 11th edition. pp 614-626, 2011.

16. Hess R. F. & Thompson, B. Plasticity of the visual brain. In Plastic Vision ed L. Harris, Cambridge University Press, 2011.

17. Hess, R. F. Spatial scale in visual processing. In The Visual Neurosciences new 2012 edition, edited by Leo M. Chalupa and John S. Werner. MIT Press pp 1043-1059, 2011.

18. Contour integration; psychophysical, neurophysiological and computational perspectives. Oxford handbook of Perceptual Organization. Ed. Johan Wagenmans, Oxford University Press. (In Press)